【论文】胡劲松, 闫伟：负指数折扣模糊报童问题Stackelberg 均衡策略 计算机集成制造系统 2009.06
Abstract:To satisfy fuzzy market demands, bi2level decision models for system which included a single leader and multiple followers were present ed from the perspective of manufacturer, wit h consistent and inconsistent negative exponential quantity discounts respectively. Not only could these models obtain wholesale price in genenral litera2 tures, but also could get the initial points ( or intervals) of quantity discounts. To solve these models, a hybrid intelligent algorithm based on fuzzy simulation and genetic algorithm was developed. Numerical example showed that, when manufacturers adopt ed inconsistent negative exponential quantity discounts, every wholesaler orders quantity would achieve maximum value of demands, thus increasing each decision2makerps profit and avoiding shortage phe2 nomena as well.