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【论文】周升起,兰珍先、付华:中国制造业在全球价值链国际分工地位再考察

2014-03-19  点击:[]

中国制造业在全球价值链国际分工地位再考察

——基于Koopman等的“GVC地位指数”*

周升起 兰珍先 付 华

(《国际贸易问题》(封面文章),2014年第2期)

摘要:基于OECD-WTO联合发布TiVA统计数据,采用Koopman等提出的“GVC地位指数”,测算分析了1995-2009年期间,中国制造业及各部门在GVC中的国际分工地位及其演变情况,结果显示:中国制造业整体及各部门在GVC中的国际分工地位,目前仍处于较低水平;无论自身比较还是国际间比较,中国“劳动密集型”制造业部门在GVC中的国际分工地位,明显高于“资本、技术密集型”和“资源密集型”制造业部门;1995-2009年期间,中国制造业及各部门在GVC中的分工地位呈现“L”型演变特征,初步分析,这一演变特征与中国的要素禀赋、工业化发展进程和经济发展战略变化有关。

关键词:全球价值链(GVC);国际分工;GVC地位指数;增加值贸易(TiVA)

A Study on the Division Status of China’s Manufacturing Industry in Global Value Chains

——Based on Koopman’s GVC Position Indices

ZHOU Shengqi LAN Zhenxian FU Hua

Abstract:By applying “GVC Position Indices” proposed by Koopman et al. and based on OECD & WTO joint database on Trade in Value Added (TiVA), the division status and changing feafures of China’s manufacturing industry in Global Value Chains (GVC) within the period of 1995-2009 are being measured and analyzed. The result show that the division status of China’s manufacturing industry and it’s sectors in GVC are now at lower levels; the division status of China’s labor intensive manufacturing sectors are apparently at higher level than that of China’s technology, capital and natural resources intensive manufacturing sectors, no matter from itself or from the international comparison perspectives; The evolution of division status of China’s manufacturing industry and it’s sectors in GVC from 1995 to 2009 presented an “L” shaped characteristic. The main causes for thischaracteristic are due to China’s factor endowment, industrialization and change of economic development strategy.

Key Words:Global Value Chain (GVC); International Division of Labor; GVC Position Indices;rade in Value Added

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